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www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/e/emperor-penguin

Penguins employ physiological adaptations and cooperative behaviors in order to deal with an incredibly harsh environment, where wind chills can reach -76°F.

www.antarctica.gov.au/about-antarctica/wildlife/animals/penguins/emperor-penguins

The emperor penguin is the only species of penguin that is not territorial. Emperor penguins also have the ability to ‘recycle’ their own body heat. The arteries and veins lie close together so that blood is pre-cooled on the way to a penguin’s feet, wings and bill and warmed on the way back to the heart.

weather.com/science/environment/news/2019-04-25-emperor-penguin-breeding...

Emperor penguins have abandoned what was once the second-largest colony in the world. Changes to conditions of Antarctic's sea ice led to the deaths of most chicks over the past three years. An ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Penguin

The emperor penguin breeds in the coldest environment of any bird species; air temperatures may reach −40 °C (−40 °F), and wind speeds may reach 144 km/h (89 mph). Water temperature is a frigid −1.8 °C (28.8 °F), which is much lower than the emperor penguin's average body temperature of 39 °C (102 °F).

animalfactguide.com/animal-facts/emperor-penguin

Emperor penguins are also specially adapted to traveling in this extreme habitat. On the ice masses, they use strong claws on their feet to help grip the surface as they shuffle along. They also slide on their sleek bellies while pushing with their feet. At sea, emperor penguins glide through the water with great speed and agility.

www.bbc.com/news/av/science-environment-48056833/thousands-of-emperor-penguin...

Thousands of emperor penguin chicks drown Jump to media player After severe weather in 2016 a large penguin colony at the Brunt ice shelf in Antarctica never recovered.

www.penguinscience.com/clim_change.php

Understanding penguin response to climate and ecosystem change. The following contains a series of images, which with the information contained in their captions, should provide upper class high school students, college students and interested adults with the basic story about how one group of animals is responding, both in a positive and negative way, to climate change.

www.dailysabah.com/environment/2019/04/25/thousands-of-emperor-penguin-chicks...

Thousands of emperor penguin chicks drowned in Antarctica in 2016 after the sea-ice on which they hatched on was destroyed due to severe weather conditions, researchers said on Wednesday. According to the British Antarctic Survey (BAS), the penguins drowned after the sea-ice broke before the chicks developed proper swimming abilities.

www.livescience.com/27434-penguin-facts.html

The smallest penguin species is the little (also called little blue) penguin. These birds grow to 10 to 12 inches (25.4 to 30.48 centimeters) tall and weigh only 2 to 3 lbs. (0.90 to 1.36 kilograms).

www.penguins-world.com/penguin-habitat

The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the species that lives in the coldest habitat of all since some Antarctic zones reach a temperature as cold as -40º or -60º C. To withstand the effects of this harsh climate, their feathers, and their abundant body fat are their best resources. But the habitats of penguins are not always cold; some can be warm and temperate, and penguins manage ...