Summary: Husserl criticizes the assumption that the body is a psychophysical entity, in order to make “the body as directly experienced by the embodied experiencer concerned” a theme for phenomenological investigation.
Edmund Husserl was the principal founder of phenomenology—and thus one of the most influential philosophers of the 20 th century. He has made important contributions to almost all areas of philosophy and anticipated central ideas of its neighbouring disciplines such as linguistics, sociology and cognitive psychology. 1.
Husserl was born in 1859 in Prostějov, a town in the Margraviate of Moravia, which was then in the Austrian Empire, and which today is Prostějov in the Czech Republic. He was born into a Jewish family, the second of four children. His father was a milliner. His childhood was spent in Prostějov, where he attended the secular elementary school.
The central doctrine of Husserl's phenomenology is the thesis that consciousness is intentional, a doctrine that is borrowed from Franz Brentano. That is, every act of consciousness is directed at some object or other, perhaps a material object, perhaps an "ideal" object—as in mathematics.
Phenomenology looks at first-person, lived experiences for information. Gather many experiences of cereal together from a variety of people, and you'll start to notice patterns in the human...
Edmund Husserl, (born April 8, 1859, Prossnitz, Moravia, Austrian Empire [now Prostějov, Czech Republic]—died April 27, 1938, Freiburg im Breisgau, Ger.), German philosopher, the founder of Phenomenology, a method for the description and analysis of consciousness through which philosophy attempts to gain the character of a strict science.
Article Summary Through his creation of phenomenology, Edmund Husserl was one of the most influential philosophers of our century. He was decisive for most of contemporary continental philosophy, and he anticipated many issues and views in the recent philosophy of mind and cognitive science.
Edmund Husserl is the founder of phenomenology, a philosophical method which creates new concepts, such as intentionality, eidetic reduction, transcendantal ego, epoche, intersubjectivity,…. Husserl’s main works are : – Logical Investigations (1900-1901) – Formal and Transcendental Logic (1920) – Cartesian Meditations (text of two lectures by Husserl at the Sorbonne in 1929)
Phenomenology was not founded; it grew. Its fountainhead was Husserl, who held professorships at Göttingen and Freiburg im Breisgau and who wrote Die Idee der Phänomenologie (The Idea of Phenomenology) in 1906.
Phenomenology is the study of structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view. The central structure of an experience is its intentionality, its being directed toward something, as it is an experience of or about some object.