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An ectatic abdominal aorta is a dilation or mild bulging of its abdominal segment, explains Cedars-Sinai. The aorta is the largest artery in the human body and extends from the heart, carrying oxygen-rich blood. The aorta descends through the abdomen and divides into ve...


The abdominal aorta supplies oxygenated blood to the lower half of the body, including the abdominal and pelvic organs. This part of the aorta begins at the diaphragm and extends to the pelvis, where it splits into the two iliac arteries that provide blood to the legs.


The abdominal aorta is a long tube with many branches that taper down from the diaphragm toward the pelvis until it forks off into the two iliac arteries, describes InnerBody. It is the largest artery of the human body, states MedicineNet.


An abdominal aorta that is considered normal in size is less than about 3 centimeters, according to the National Institutes of Health. The normal size of the abdominal aorta also varies by sex, age and physical activity level.


The exact cause of an enlarged abdominal aorta, also known as an abdominal aortic aneurysm, is unknown but the condition is linked to infection, tobacco use and hardening of the arteries, according to Mayo Clinic. The enlarged area often grows slowly and may be difficul...


Treatments that reduce the progression of plaque formation in the abdominal aorta include smoking cessation, regular exercise, avoiding fatty foods and limiting alcohol consumption, reports The New York Times. Managing blood pressure and high cholesterol with medication...


The abdominal aorta pulse is located just up and to the left of the umbilicus, according to the Journal of the American Family Physician. To find the pulse in another person, press on his abdomen while he is resting on his back with his knees elevated and abdominal musc...