Clotting occurs when blood platelets adhere to the edges of a breached blood vessel and release chemicals that attract more platelets, resulting in a plug, as MedlinePlus explains. The plug stops external bleeding and allows clotting factors to stimulate the aggregation of fibrin fibers that eventua
Conditions and factors that may cause blood clots include smoking, pregnancy, obesity and surgery, according to Mayo Clinic. Certain medications, such as some breast cancer drugs, oral contraceptives and hormone therapy medications, may also cause blood clots. Individuals who suffer from heart arrhy
Blood clots are treated by taking blood thinner medications, thrombolytics or by surgical removal. Doctors may also prescribe heparin and warfarin to alleviate symptoms, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Blood clot formation is the result of a series of chemical interactions in which platelets and proteins in plasma work together to stop bleeding, according to the American Society of Hematology. Platelets form a plug to stop external bleeding, and clotting factors seal the inside of the wound, expla
To avoid getting blood clots, exercise regularly and manage your weight by eating a high-fiber, low-fat diet, states WebMD. Refraining from smoking, and stay hydrated, especially when traveling. Also, avoid wearing short, tight socks or crossing your legs, and limit alcohol and caffeine. If you take
In humans, the presence of damaged blood vessels normally triggers the formation of blood clots to prevent blood loss. However, there are instances when blood clots can abnormally develop in the veins and arteries due to certain medical conditions, genetic variations, drugs and other contributing fa
Pain is sometimes a symptom of blood clots and deep vein thrombosis, but not always, according to WebMD. Not everyone who develops a blood clot or DVT experiences pain or symptoms; in fact, around half of all instances of DVT occur without any symptoms at all.
Blood clots in the foot, ankle, calf or thigh may present with some or all of the following symptoms: pain, warmth, inflammation and either a reddish or bluish discoloration, explains Clot Connect. These four sites for a clot all comprise deep vein thrombosis.
Doctors treat blood clots with medication: anticoagulants, heparin, warfarin, Xarelto and Pradaxa rank among the most common treatments for blood clots. Blood clots arise in virtually all areas of the body, including the arms, legs, heart and brain. Treatment varies depending on severity of clots, a
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are placed in a large vein in the abdomen where blood returns to the heart from the lower body and legs. The filters trap large clot fragments moving toward the heart or lungs, reports RadiologyInfo.org.