DNA and RNA are nucleic acids, which are also considered polymers. Deoxyribonucleic acid is used to create ribonucleic acid that, in turn, contains the primary sequence of amino acids needed to make proteins.
RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is responsible for the transfer of genetic information to cell components called ribosomes. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is responsible for the transfer and duplication of long-term genetic information during cell reproduction. They are both ...
The structure of RNA is a single-stranded molecule made up of basic units called nucleotides that contain a nitrogenous base, a five-carbon sugar and a phosphate group. Although there is only one strand of RNA, as opposed to the two stranded double helix of DNA, it does...
DNA differs from RNA in both structure and function. The two molecules have different types of sugars, vary in the types of nitrogenous bases in each, are found in different places and do different things within the cell.
The most basic difference between DNA polymerase and RNA polymerase is that DNA polymerase is used in the replication of DNA, while the RNA polymerase transcribes DNA to RNA. DNA polymerase also makes fewer mistakes than RNA polymerase so the replicated DNA is more accu...
Both DNA and RNA are macromolecules that consist of long chains of nucleotides. Both contain the specific nucleotide bases adenine, guanine and cytosine, although the fourth base differs between DNA and RNA. Both molecules are found in the cell's nucleus, but RNA may al...
RNA and DNA are related because they share three base molecules: adenine, guanine and cytosine. RNA also contains uracil, which DNA doesn't have.