Distillation is a natural process using temperature variation to separate a liquid and one or more other ingredients that are mixed together. Distillation is widely used in industries that refine oil, desalinate water, create liquor, beer and wine, and produce many chemical products used in homes and factories.
Distillation is used to separate mixtures of liquids by exploiting differences in the boiling points of the different components. The technique is widely used in industry, for example in the manufacture and purification of nitrogen, oxygen and the rare gases.However, one of its best known uses is the refining of crude oil into its main fractions, including naphtha, kerosine and gas oil.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by using selective boiling and condensation.Distillation may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases the concentration of selected components in the mixture.
Practical Uses of Distillation By Mike Maxfield; Updated March 14, 2018 . alcool brun image by Claudio Calcagno from Fotolia.com. Many of the products we use every day are the result of distillation, from the gasoline that powers our cars to the water we drink. Distillation is a physical process that uses heat to purify or separate mixtures ...
Introduction to the process of Distillation Distillation is defined as a natural process that separates a chemical mixture into its respective component based upon the different boiling point of the components present in the mixture. It gained a large industrial application in separating chemical components. 3.
Distillation Columns Distillation columns are one of the most often used types of separation equipment in industry. About Distillation Distillation is one of the most common liquid-liquid separation processes, and can be carried out in a continuous or batch system.
Most methods of distillation used by industry and in laboratory research are variations of simple distillation. This basic operation requires the use of a still or retort in which a liquid is heated, a condenser to cool the vapour, and a receiver to collect the distillate. In heating a mixture of substances, the most volatile or the lowest boiling distills first, and the others subsequently or ...
The use of distillation in the Food, drink and milk industry can be illustrated by the following two examples; the distillations of whisky and cognac: Scotch Whisky: Distillation units in the production of Scotch Whisky range from simple pot stills to continuous multi-column stills.
INDUSTRIAL DISTILLATION. In contrast to ethanol, methanol or "wood alcohol" is a highly toxic substance whose ingestion can lead to blindness or death. It is widely used in industry for applications in adhesives, plastics, and other products, and was once produced by the distillation of wood.
Distillation is an important separation process in chemistry, industry, and food science. Here is the definition of distillation and a look at the types of distillation and its uses.