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Trial courts hear many different types of cases. Overall, cases fall under 1 of 2 categories: Civil cases "Civil" cases are the cases in which private citizens (or companies) sue each other in court.


The Types of Court Cases. Criminal Cases; Civil Cases; In criminal cases, the government brings a case against one or more defendants. The defendant in a criminal case is the person being accused of committing a crime by the government.


Types of Cases The U.S. Courts hear cases over which they have jurisdiction granted by the U.S. Constitution or Congress. Learn more about the cases heard in federal courts in this section.


The NSW Local Court hears different types of cases, such as: civil cases ; criminal cases ; bail applications ; applications for apprehended violence orders (AVO) some family law cases ; appeals against decisions of the RMS annulment applications ; Use the navigation bar on the left of the screen for more information about these types of cases.


Court cases can take a variety of different shapes and sizes, so when filing your court case it is important to know a bit about each one. Learn about the different types of court cases and how each one proceeds.


The courts of the United States are closely linked hierarchical systems of courts at the federal and state levels. ... In addition, the Circuit Court hears cases appealed from the other trial courts or from administrative agencies. The friend of the court office is part of the family division of the Circuit Court and handles domestic relations ...


There are two kinds of cases that are heard in the trial courts: civil cases and criminal cases. ... the next step is to determine which civil or criminal trial court will handle that case. There are different civil and criminal courts that specialize in certain kinds of cases. ... there are no separate family courts, so the superior courts ...


Standard of Proof in a Civil Case Types of Cases in Civil Court Stages of a Civil Case . Criminal Cases . Criminal cases involve enforcing public codes of behavior, which are codified in the laws of the state. In criminal cases, the government prosecutes individuals for violating those laws (in other words, for allegedly committing a crime).


Learn more about the different types of federal courts. Supreme Court The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. Article III of the U.S. Constitution created the Supreme Court and authorized Congress to pass laws establishing a system of lower courts.


Although these two courts have separate responsibilities, they often interact with each other, such as when a state court case is appealed to a federal court. Federal courts and state courts typically handle different types of cases. State courts handle most criminal cases, such as those involving theft and murder.