Still dominated by the church but with more sophisticated melodies and harmonies (polyphony). Different styles begin to emerge. Composers include Palestrina, Monteverdi and William Byrd. Baroque Period - from 1600 to 1750 Music flourishes in complexity, and scope. Instrumental music becomes dominant, and most major music forms become defined.
Music from this era sounds almost boundless and free from any limitations of form. Much of this music is programmatic—that is, it is meant to describe something, perhaps a scene in nature or a feeling. Impressionist Debussy, Ravel and others compose music of mystery, magic and wonder. Modern Period: 1900 to the Present
The history and politics of the 20th Century provided inspiration for the diverse range of musical styles developed between 1900 and 1999, pioneered by composers ranging from Elgar and Britten, to Stravinsky, Gershwin, and John Williams. Advancing technology enabled the recording of classical music and jazz, which in turn lead to the rise of globe-straddling artists like Pavarotti and Callas.
The 1960's was particularly revolutionary era in terms of popular music, as it saw the formation and evolution of rock. era. The 1970's. The 1970's saw the rise of disco, which became one of the biggest genres of the decade, especially in the mid-to-late 70s. era. The 1980's.
Let's take a look at music styles and understand what makes one different from the other. In particular, let's delve into music styles of the early music period and common-practice period. Early music consists of music from the Medieval to Baroque era, while common-practice includes the Baroque, Classical and Romantic eras.
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The orchestral set-up led to the era's most important type of music, the symphony. It developed rapidly at the beginning of the era, moving from a standard, strict three-movement format with a quick opening, a slow middle movement and a quick one to finish, to become an expansive four-movement vehicle for orchestral expression.
20th century Music Approx. 1901 - Approx. 2000 this era consisted of many different styles of music and new electronic intruments where inroduced in mainstream music.
Listen to the difference Mozart and Beethoven, the leader of the Romantic era. Beethoven used the most brass that he could in his day, but later romantic composers had more brass instruments. That is why there is such a fluctuation between light classical and "masterpiece" classical music between the times of Classical and Romantic eras.
The term Medieval Music speaks of the written and composed music during the era called the Middle Ages, from 500 C AD to 1400 C AD. Middle Ages began with the decay and fall of the Roman Empire. Music in the medieval times was secular and sacred at the same time and it was in chant form, mainly monophonic. Polyphonic chants were later developed.