Replication is the process by which DNA is copied during mitosis and meiosis; transcription is the process by which RNA is synthesized with DNA as a template. These processes have some fundamental similarities, but they ... More »

Transcribed RNA is separated from a single strand of DNA it used as a template, then cut into pieces to be translated into proteins, while DNA that forms during DNA replication remains bound to the single strand to becom... More »

There are many significant differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA replication. One such difference is the complexity of the replication process of eukaryotic cells in comparison to the relative simplicity of ... More »

The most basic difference between DNA polymerase and RNA polymerase is that DNA polymerase is used in the replication of DNA, while the RNA polymerase transcribes DNA to RNA. DNA polymerase also makes fewer mistakes than... More » Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA

The processes of DNA replication, gene transcription and protein translation are simpler in prokaryotes compared to eukaryotic cells. Ongoing scientific research is continually uncovering the complexities of these proces... More » Science Biology Molecular Biology & DNA

Replication in biology is the process of duplicating or producing an exact copy of the DNA involving many enzymes that split down the mother cell and create 'daughter' copies. Replication is the primary and the most sign... More »

A nonsense codon has the effect of prematurely stopping the transcription of RNA or DNA and preventing the effective synthesis of polypeptide chains. DNA works by coding the instructions for protein synthesis. This is ac... More »