Conductors are materials that allow the flow of electric current, whereas insulators do not. While conductors and insulators are different in that respect, their similarity is in their makeup of atoms. It is these atoms that either have room to float around to facilitate conduction or have little fr
Examples of conductors include the human body, metals, aqueous solutions of salt, graphite, copper, silver and gold. Conductors are materials that can transfer heat and transmit electricity. Conductors have a high density, allowing particles to flow freely and collide.
The best conductor of heat is diamond with a thermal conductivity of more than 2,000 watts per meter per degree Kelvin at room temperature. Silver is the material with the second-highest thermal conductivity at 429 watts per meter per degree Kelvin. This makes silver the metal with the highest condu
Some of the worst conductors of electricity include rubber, polymer and plastic. A bad electrical conductor is an object or material that does not allow electricity to flow freely through it. An insulator does not allow electric current to pass through it. Most metals, such as copper, are good condu
Non-conductors of electricity are also known as insulators. Insulators do not allow a significant amount of electrical current to flow through. Some examples of insulators are glass, rubber and plastic.
Silver is the best metal conductor, but graphene is the best overall material at conducting electricity. Graphene consists of carbon atoms arranged in extremely thin sheets, and has the lowest electrical resistance of any commonly known material.
Metals conduct electricity well because their electrons can move more freely than those in nonmetals. The structure of a metal atom's electron cloud makes it easy for the atom to gain or lose electrons in chemical reactions. Electrons repel these loose electrons and send them through the metal.
Water is a poor conductor of heat, and is actually classified as an insulator of heat. Materials that are good conductors of heat and of electricity must have free electrons that can carry the energy from one compound to the next.
Uranium and Radon, the densest solid and gas respectively, are the best conductors of heat. The ability to conduct heat is called specific heat and is closely linked to density. The denser a material is, the closer its specific heat is to zero and the more easily it conducts heat.
Many metals, like silver, copper, gold and aluminum, are good thermal conductors. Thermal conductors are materials that heat passes through easily. Conduction, or the transfer of heat, can take place within a single material or between two objects.