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Deep vein thrombosis is when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the leg, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The blood clot blocks or restricts blood flow to the area, resulting in tenderness and swelling. If the blood clot breaks off and travels to the lung or hear


According to WebMD, deep vein thrombosis is caused by a blood clot forming in a vein deep inside the muscle tissue. This is often prompted by surgery that reduces blood flow to a body part, but can it also be caused by injuries, diseases and lifestyle factors.


Deep vein thrombosis is cured or effectively treated with the use of blood thinners, thrombolytics and vena cava filters when needed, notes the Mayo Clinic. Compression stockings are often prescribed to prevent swelling and reduce the chances of blood clotting and pooling in the legs.


Symptoms of deep vein thrombosis in the legs include pain, swelling of the affected limb and discoloration, according to the Indiana Hemophilia & Thrombosis Center. The area nearest to the blood clot may feel warm, and the discoloration may appear bluish or suffused.


People are at risk for thrombosis if they have several risk factors such as being overweight or obese, being pregnant, having certain types of cancer, or having been on prolonged bed rest, Mayo Clinic reports. Other risk factors include being on birth control pills, having an inflammatory bowel dise


Common treatments for thrombosis include blood thinners to decrease clotting, clotbusters administered through an IV to break up existing clots, and filters that are inserted into a vein in the abdomen, explains Mayo Clinic. Individuals with thrombosis can treat the condition by wearing compression


When a thrombus, or blood clot, suddenly moves from a vein in the leg to an artery the lung, it is called a pulmonary embolism. It is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical intervention. Pulmonary embolism can cause organ damage and death, according to WebMD.


A pulmonary embolism is a blockage in a major artery of the lungs caused by a blood clot that has traveled from the leg after breaking free from one of the veins. Small clots may cause minor tissue damage, but large ones can be life threatening, according to WebMD.


The signs and symptoms of thrombosis depend on the location of the affected vessel and the severity of the clot, according to the Indiana Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center. Although symptoms are not always present, signs include pain, swelling, discoloration, redness and inflammation.


When the human circulatory system and veins are stretched out in a straight line, it has a total length of approximately 60,000 miles. The human veins circulate approximately 6 quarts of blood throughout the body on a daily basis.