deceleration injury: [ in´jŭ-re ] harm or hurt; usually applied to damage inflicted on the body by an external force. Called also trauma and wound . brain injury impairment of structure or function of the brain, usually as a result of a trauma. deceleration injury a mechanism of motion injury in which the body is forcibly stopped but the ...
Brain Regions Commonly Affected in TBI. Coup injury-- damage occurring at the point of head trauma impact (e.g., where the head hit the ground in a fall) as the brain slides forward within the skull and impacts the inside of the skull.; This can occur even if there is no direct external impact to the head (e.g., sudden deceleration in a motor vehicle accident).
acceleration-deceleration injury: injury resulting from a collision between a body part and another object or body part while both are in motion.
Non-acceleration injuries-caused by injury to a restrained head and, therefore, no acceleration or deceleration of the brain occurs within the skull (e.g., blow to the head). These usually result in deformation (fracture) of the skull, causing focal localized damage to the meninges and brain.
The most common injury resulting from car accidents is whiplash, accounting for 80 percent of all car crash injuries.Whiplash is considered an acceleration-deceleration injury, which can include whiplash, shoulder injuries, and traumatic brain injuries.
Deceleration injury, impact injury to a body within or upon a rapidly moving object caused by the forces exerted when the object is brought to a sudden halt. Deceleration injury can occur in high-speed vehicles when they stop or slow down abruptly or when the occupants of the vehicle are propelled from it while it is moving. Most experiments in deceleration have been done in connection with ...
Over 1.4 million individuals sustain traumatic brain injuries each year in the United States. Between 400,000 and 500,000 of these head injuries are severe enough to require hospitalization annually. The financial cost of the diagnostic and rehabilitative/medical programs for traumatic head injury is estimated to be 3.9 billion dollars per year.
A blow to the head can cause injury on opposite side of the brain to where the impact was as the brain bounces backwards (a contra-coup injury), commonly this damages the frontal and occipital lobes. The nerve fibres (axons) that connect the different areas of the brain can also be subject to twisting and shearing forces during an acceleration ...
Introduction. Whiplash is a bony or soft tissue injury resulting from an acceleration–deceleration mechanism of energy transfer to the neck ().Patients with whiplash injury often complain of cerebral symptoms suggestive of brain injury, such as headache, dizziness, sleeping problems, cognitive dysfunction, visual symptoms, and central pain (2, 3).
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a form of traumatic brain injury. It happens when the brain rapidly shifts inside the skull as an injury is occurring.