Pruning should be done in the winter, just before new growth begins to appear in the spring. If the tree is newly planted, prune it to an open-centered shape. If it is more established, prune away all but four evenly spaced branches which serve as the tree's primary scaffold branches.
A fig tree can safely be pruned in winter, which is when it goes into its dormant season. Heavy pruning should only be done only during the tree's first two dormant seasons.
The YouTube channel of Prune Like a Pro features several instruction videos on how to prune fig trees. The species covered include the Fruiting Fig (Ficus Carica) and the Weeping Fig (Ficus Nitida).
Figs and dates are two different types of fruits. Figs are green or greenish-purple when ripe while dates are dark brown when fully sun ripened. Fig plants are shrubs while dates are grown on trees.
In South Carolina, fig trees should be pruned during the winter months after the coldest weather is done but before any new growth begins in the spring. Figs require only a little pruning to keep the crown open and remove any dead wood.
Figs are healthy and are a good source of pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, copper and manganese. They also contain potassium, which helps to regulate blood pressure. The fiber present in figs also assists the body in managing weight.
Figs grow best in hardiness zones 8 through 10, but some cultivars are more cold tolerant. Figs historically grew throughout a swath of land stretching from Turkey to India. However, they have spread throughout the world at the hands of humans, and they are common throughout the Mediterranean basin.
Figs have a short season in early summer and a main season from late summer until fall. The first crop of the season is called the breba crop, which comes in on the last season's growth. Spring frost often eradicates the breba crop and the remaining previous season's growth.
Some popular fig varieties include the Calimyrna fig and the Alma fig. The Calimyrna fig is a Smyrna fig grown in California and is popular when dried. The Alma fig is a honey-sweet variety that is golden inside and out.
Care for a fig tree by planting it in a good site, adding a layer of mulch, watering it regularly and fertilizing it as necessary. Prune the tree only to lightly shape it or remove dead, damaged and diseased wood.