In organic chemistry, the cycloalkanes (also called naphthenes, but distinct from naphthalene) are the monocyclic saturated hydrocarbons. In other words, a cycloalkane consists only of hydrogen and carbon atoms arranged in a structure containing a single ring (possibly with side chains), and all of the carbon-carbon bonds are single.Cycloalkanes are named analogously to their normal alkane ...
Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more. Khan Academy is a nonprofit with the mission of providing a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere.
Saturated Hydrocarbons Alkanes and Cycloalkanes. Most reactions of organic compounds take place at or adjacent to a functional group.In order to establish a baseline of behavior against which these reactions may be ranked, we need to investigate the reactivity of compounds lacking any functional groups.
cycloalkanes: Cyclic saturated hydrocarbons with a general formula of CnH(2n). Cycloalkanes are alkanes with carbon atoms attached in the form of a closed ring. functional groups: An atom or groups of atoms that substitute for a hydrogen atom in an organic compound, giving the compound unique chemical properties and determining its reactivity.
introducing alkanes and cycloalkanes This is an introductory page about alkanes such as methane, ethane, propane, butane and the rest. It deals with their formulae and isomerism, their physical properties, and an introduction to their chemical reactivity.
A cycloalkane is a regular alkane with a ring or loop. An example is cyclohexane, which is a ring of 6 carbon atoms, each bonded to 2 hydrogen atoms (C 6 H 12). We briefly discussed cycloalkanes in the alkanes unit of this book, but in this unit, we'll be going into much greater detail about cycloalkanes as well as cycloalkenes. There are a ...
Cycloalkanes are ring structures with the general formula: C n H (2n).Following are basic rules for naming cycloalkanes. 1. Parent Chain. Use the cycloalkane as the parent chain if it has a greater number of carbons than any alkylsubstituent.
Cycloalkanes are hydrocarbons with a ring-like structure. In order to form a ring, cycloalkanes are saturated, meaning they have at least three alkane compounds present to form a ring or a cycle ...
Cycloalkanes. Cycloalkanes are transformed by an oxidase system to a corresponding cyclic alcohol, which is dehydrated to ketone after which a mono-oxygenase system lactonizes the ring, which is subsequently opened by a lactone hydrolase.