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According to the United Nations, West Africa is composed of 16 independent countries and one overseas territory owned by another country. Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso make up the large desert nations of West Africa. Coastal nations include Nigeria, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea and Senegal, among sev


The countries of West Africa have a population of 245 million. According to the World Bank, 65 percent of the population are living in rural areas.


The Republic of South Africa became independent in 1961, making the country 54 years old as of 2015. The first European colonists were the Dutch, who founded Cape Town on April 7, 1652. However, native inhabitants lived in the area long before then.


Africa has 54 recognized states, as of 2014, the largest of which is Algeria. These 54 state are also referred to as countries, but Africa is also comprised of another 10 territories controlled by the colonial powers.


Africa is home to 54 fully recognized countries, though there are two additional states that may or may not be counted due to political disputes. They are Western Sahara and Somaliland.


According to the United Nations, the northern region of Africa includes eight countries; the largest of these by land area are Algeria, Sudan and Libya. The other countries included by the United Nations as part of northern Africa are Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Western Sahara and South Sudan.


In the ancient city of Taghaza, salt was cut into 200-pound blocks and stored 10 feet underground until it was ready to be transported to market, then the blocks were loaded onto camels and shipped to Timbuktu and the rest of West Africa. Salt was traded for gold at the headwaters of the Niger River


Africa is located south of Europe and Asia. The continent is located in all four hemispheres – the equator runs almost directly through the middle of Africa, which means that it is both in the southern and northern hemispheres, and although most of this continent is located in the eastern hemisphere


Africa is located south of the Mediterranean Sea and Europe with the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The country of Africa is the second largest continent on the planet, with only Asia being bigger.


South Africa is located on the continent of Africa. South Africa is the world's 24th largest country by land with an area of 471,443 square miles.