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A cow is female whereas a bull is male. Depending on the species, either may have horns, but only cows will have udders.


Breed cattle either by releasing bulls into a pasture with cows or by artificial insemination. To artificially inseminate a cow, collect semen from the bull and deposit the semen inside the uterine body of a cow in heat.


Adult size for cows can vary significantly due to breed and sex, although large breeds can weigh 1,400 pounds or more. Smaller breeds weigh between 600 and 1,000 pounds. Bulls can grow over 3,000 pounds in rare occasions.


Either a baby bull or a baby cow is called a calf. If the baby bull is castrated prior to puberty, he is called a steer.


A baby cow is called a calf. Adult male cows are called bulls. Adult female cows are called heifers until they give birth; after they have given birth, they are called cows.


Bulls and other cattle live around the world on farms, grasslands and pastures; some wild cattle also live in the woods. On farms, most bulls are castrated and slaughtered for their meat before they turn 3 years old. These young males are raised in barns or in individual stalls.


Cows thrive best in temperate climates and open grasslands. They are descended from wild animals that once roamed North Africa, Europe, and South Asia, and they are adapted to life in regions with a similar climate. Some breeds, such as Highland cattle, are bred for colder temperatures, but cows ten


While bulls eat the same diet of grains and grass that cows do, bulls used for rodeo competitions eat a high protein diet supplemented with vitamin B12. Cattle are fed with feedstuffs, a mix of roughage, oilseeds, grains and by-products, such as corn and bakery waste.


The original range of wild cows was northern Africa, Europe and southern Asia. Cows were domesticated between 10,000 and 6,500 years ago by cultures great distances from each other. Typical western cattle are from the older strain, which was most likely first domesticated in Turkey.


There is evidence suggesting that cows do have feelings. As herd animals, they have extensive social relationships and may experience emotions such as stress, fear and pleasure.