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www.reference.com/article/many-people-india-1de788f29d4829d4

India has an estimated total population in excess of 1.2 billion people as of 2014, making India the second most populous country in the world. The largest and capital city of India is New Delhi, which contained an estimated 22.7 million of the country's population in 2011.

www.reference.com/history/found-india-9c62e6500ce33dac

The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama was the first European to discover India. He accomplished this by establishing the sea route from Europe to India, which was previously unknown.

www.reference.com/geography/big-india-303573f3d5f0c054

The nation of India contains 1,269,219 square miles within its borders, making it slightly larger than Alaska, Texas and California, the three largest states in the United States, combined. India is about one-third the size of the United States.

www.reference.com/article/countries-surround-india-207bb86b33de4448

India is surrounded by a total of six countries in its South Asian location, including Pakistan, Burma, China, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. These countries mostly border India in northern directions, as the east, west and south are largely encompassed by water.

www.reference.com/history/discovered-country-india-90fb59cfd4ec9a0f

Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama is credited with discovering the country India. The explorer sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in 1497, arriving in Calicut, India, in May 1498.

www.reference.com/article/india-such-poor-country-6795a65cbe758135

India is a poor country because of corruption, natural disasters, large population density and lack of employment. Some of the problems caused by poverty in this country include poor living standards, lack of proper health care and poor sanitation.

www.reference.com/article/many-states-india-25856433461de1d6

As of April 2014, India has 28 states and seven union territories. The newest states, which were created in 2000, are Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand. Telangana is due to be become a state in June 2014, making it the 29th state.

www.reference.com/world-view/houses-made-india-1c1c02e0f39131ea

Housing in India varies depending on region and social standing. The range between mansions and filthy slums is apparent within a city. Slums are where millions of people live in shacks made of waste materials, scrap metal, plastic or wood.

www.reference.com/geography/india-located-5c64595e3faef403

The country of India is located in southeast Asia. It is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the southwest and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast. The southern tip of India is bordered by the Indian Ocean.

www.reference.com/article/many-cities-india-74bed1bafb8c7cb7

As of 2011, there are a total of 497 cities in India. Of these, Mumbai has the largest population, with a total of 12,478,447 residents living there. Delhi and Bangalore follow, with populations of 11,007,835 and 8,425,970, respectively.