The 'Borders of Poland are 3511 or 3582 kilometers long. The neighboring countries are Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast. To the north, Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea.
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Map of Poland and surrounding countries (Eastern Europe - Europe) to download. Poland is a country of Europe. The Poland is located near surrounding countries and overlooks the Baltic Sea (see map of Poland and surrounding countries). It is crossed by two rivers. The population of Poland is marked by significant emigration because about 12 ...
Near the end of the century King Sigismund III moved Poland’s capital city from Krakow to Warsaw because of its central location between the Commonwealth's existing capitals of Krakow and Vilnius. In the middle of the 17th century Sweden invaded Poland. Much of the Commonwealth was virtually destroyed as cities were burned and plundered.
Poland shares a border with seven countries: Germany, the Ukraine, Belarus, Russia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Lithuania. Because they are all part of the European Union, travel between Poland and Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Lithuania is completed without border checks; however, border guards have the power to undertake random identity checks, if necessary.
Approximately 38.4 million people live in the country (in 2019); official language is Polish. Poland is a member state of the European Union. The map shows Poland and surrounding countries with international borders, the national capital Warsaw, region capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads and airports.
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Poland is a country in East-Central Europe with an area of 312,679 square kilometres (120,726 sq. mi.), and mostly temperate climate. Generally speaking, Poland is an almost unbroken plain reaching from the Baltic Sea in the north, to the Carpathian Mountains in the south. Within that plain, terrain variations run in bands east to west.
The countries surrounding Germany lie alongside its borders to the north, south, east and west. The northern border of Germany is shared with the Scandinavian country of Denmark, while Poland and the Czech Republic lie to the east. The southern border of Germany is shaped by Austria and Switzerland, while France lies in the southwest.
Because Poland and Lithuania fought successful wars against the Mongols, most of the territory of what is now modern Ukraine was annexed by Poland and Lithuania in the 14th century. And following the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (or union) Armenians, Germans, Poles and Jews immigrated to the Ukraine.