India is surrounded by a total of six countries in its South Asian location, including Pakistan, Burma, China, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. These countries mostly border India in northern directions, as the east, west and south are largely encompassed by water.
The Indian Ocean is the only ocean that surrounds India. The Arabian Sea borders the west coast of India, and the Bay of Bengal borders the east coast.
India has an estimated total population in excess of 1.2 billion people as of 2014, making India the second most populous country in the world. The largest and capital city of India is New Delhi, which contained an estimated 22.7 million of the country's population in 2011.
The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama was the first European to discover India. He accomplished this by establishing the sea route from Europe to India, which was previously unknown.
The nation of India contains 1,269,219 square miles within its borders, making it slightly larger than Alaska, Texas and California, the three largest states in the United States, combined. India is about one-third the size of the United States.
Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama is credited with discovering the country India. The explorer sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in 1497, arriving in Calicut, India, in May 1498.
India is a poor country because of corruption, natural disasters, large population density and lack of employment. Some of the problems caused by poverty in this country include poor living standards, lack of proper health care and poor sanitation.
The countries that are immediately on the border of France are Germany, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Italy and Andorra. France also has a total of 2,130 miles of coastline facing the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
As of April 2014, India has 28 states and seven union territories. The newest states, which were created in 2000, are Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand. Telangana is due to be become a state in June 2014, making it the 29th state.
Italy shares borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. It also shares borders with the microstates San Marino and Vatican City, both of which it completely surrounds.