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Cotton is made from the fibers within the boll, the seed pod, of the cotton plant. When ripe, the boll pops open revealing the fluffy, white puffs. These are stripped from the plants by harvesting machines and delivered for processing.


Large exporters of raw cotton, such as the United States, Australia and Europe, mechanically pick and harvest cotton through stripper and spindle pickers. A stripper picker removes the entire cotton boll off the plant along with other unopened bolls. The spindle cotton ...


The four most widely used types of cotton are Upland, Pima, Egyptian and Asiatic. Other types of cotton associated with the countries they are grown in include Brazilian, Mexican, Jamaican and Peruvian. These are also used in the manufacturing of commercial products.


Cotton is harvested beginning in July in the southern part of Texas through late November in northern parts of the United States. Machines with turning rods are used to harvest cotton, which is dropped onto conveyor belts after having seeds removed. Rolling machines fur...


Cotton drill is a 100 percent cotton fabric with a strong diagonal weave. The strength of this diagonal weave makes the fabric useful for applications that require a durable construction.


Cotton batt insulation is equivalent in R-value, an objective measure of thermal resistance, to fiberglass batts. Cotton has many advantages compared to fiberglass, such as being more sustainable and safer to have in the home thanks to nontoxic preparation and treatment...


Cotton wool is made of cotton that has been purified, meaning that any seeds and extraneous matter have been removed. It is also called absorbent cotton or purified cotton and is considered the most natural state of cotton, making it perfect for use in medical care.