8 Advantages of Fiber-Optic Internet vs. Copper Cable Fiber Connectivity by Tom Collins Internet connectivity over fiber-optic networks has become the gold standard for fast, high-quality data transmission for businesses.
Fiber optic cable is much less susceptible to various environmental factors than copper cable. For example, copper will experience a great deal of degradation in quality over a distance of two kilometers, using fiber optic cable over the same distance can provide extremely reliable data transmission.
Fiber optic transmission results in less attenuation: When traveling over a long distance, fiber optic cables experience less signal loss than copper cabling, known as low attenuation. One source estimates that fiber loses only three percent signal strength going over 100 meters (approximately 320 feet) in distance.
Copper Cable vs Fiber Optics. Fiber optic cable has many advantages over copper cable. Fiber transmits data much faster over longer distances than copper. Fiber cable is also smaller diameter and weighs less than its copper counterpart, making it ideal for a variety of cabling solutions.
Industrial cabling is available using copper conductors or fiber optic technology. Copper cabling transmits data through twisted pairs of copper wires and fiber cables transmit data using light. Each has its pros and cons. When deciding which to use in a given application, there are a number of relevant elements to consider.
Where are all those copper-cabling devotees who have been kicked around by the fiber advocates for years? It's over. The copper-vs.-fiber war that raged for years, and included comments like, "The only good use for copper cable is as a pullstring for fiber-optic cable," has come to an end.
Possibly the one area where copper cable has the advantage over fiber is the price. While fiber optic cable is not more expensive than copper cable, the electronics needed to support it are more expensive. This is only a short term advantage, however, as fiber optic cable actually comes out cheaper in the long term.
Economics The big argument that copper proponents have clung to for years is that installing copper Ethernet cabling was much less expensive than running a new fiber optic installation. At one time, the price of copper cable was as much as 50% lower than that of fiber.
Basic terminology problem. This article is actually contrasting twisted pair copper cabling vs fiber optic cabling for use in an Ethernet network. When this article says Ethernet, it should say twisted pair. Ethernet is a communication protocol that defines a transmission layer as well as higher layers in the OSI model.
Bandwidth Capacity of Fiber Optic Cable by Eric Novinson . ... The 10 GBase standard covers Ethernet networks that include copper wires, wireless signals and fiber optic cables, so there is no separate 10 GBase-F standard. 10 Gbase standards govern networks that send information at 10 gigabytes per second.