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Congress has a variety of powers, but the three main powers are making laws, declaring war and amending the Constitution. These powers fall under both Houses of Congress.


For the most part, congressional elections take place on Election Day, which is the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, every even-numbered year. Special elections may be held on other dates, and each state can set its own primary elections to determine the final candidates.


To write to a congressional representative, you must identify the appropriate member of congress to contact, confirm his desired method of communication, create a clear and concise letter and provide personal contact information for a reply.


A congressional session is the annual series of meetings conducted by Congress in Washington D.C. The constitution requires Congress to meet at least once every year, although each Congress typically holds two sessions. A meeting of one or both houses of Congress or a meeting of the Senate and the H


When members of Congress introduce a bill for legislation, it goes through committee and subcommittee reviews, amendments, subcommittee reporting, and voting to approve the proposed amendments. The Senate or House passes the bill to the other chamber to undergo a similar process, after which a joint


Each Representative in the United States House is elected from a geographically defined district they represent, and there are 435 total voting Representatives in the United States House. The number of Representatives per state is based up on the state's population.


The method to create congressional districts varies by state. The population according to the decennial U.S. census determines the number of voters in each congressional district. After states receive population and other demographic information, each state determines the boundaries of the district.


As of 2015, Republican Tom McClintock and Democrat Nancy Pelosi are two of the 53 representatives for the state of California. All the representatives are listed at the official congressional web site, House.gov.


A congressional whip is an assistant party leader whose primary function is to count heads, gather party members for votes and quorum calls, and stand in for the party leader when during an absence. A whip is elected for each party in the Senate and the House.


Congressional elections are held every two years on the Tuesday following the first Monday of November. The elections are always held in even numbered years.