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www.britannica.com/science/aquifer

Aquifers overlain by an impermeable layer are called confined aquifers; aquifers overlain by an unsaturated, or vadose, zone of permeable materials are called unconfined aquifers. The boundary between the saturated and unsaturated zones is known as the water table. In some confined aquifers, hydraulic…

www.usgs.gov/faqs/what-difference-between-a-confined-and...

A water-table--or unconfined--aquifer is an aquifer whose upper water surface (water table) is at atmospheric pressure, and thus is able to rise and fall. Water-table aquifers are usually closer to the Earth's surface than confined aquifers are, and as such are impacted by drought conditions sooner than confined aquifers. Learn more:

www.sciencedirect.com/topics/mathematics/confined-aquifer

Furthermore, there exist two types of aquifers, namely unconfined and confined aquifers. Additionally, there are also semi-confined aquifers. Unconfined aquifers are also known as water table aquifers or phreatic aquifers, and this is merely due to their upper boundary being the water table or phreatic surface rather than a confining layer.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confined_aquifer

Confined versus unconfined. There are two end members in the spectrum of types of aquifers; confined and unconfined (with semi-confined being in between). Unconfined aquifers are sometimes also called water table or phreatic aquifers, because their upper boundary is the water table or phreatic surface. (See Biscayne Aquifer.) Typically (but not ...

www.in.gov/dnr/water/files/WFWR_web26-50.pdf

Ground-Water Hydrology 19 GROUND-WATER HYDROLOGY Ground-water supplies are obtained from aquifers, which ... Water level maps for confined and unconfined aquifers are typically referred to as potentiometric surfacemaps. As a well discharges water from an aquifer the water level

www.e-education.psu.edu/earth111/node/911

A second common type of aquifer is a confined aquifer, which is isolated from pressure communication with overlying or underlying geologic formations – and with the land surface and atmosphere – by one or more confining layers or confining units. Confined aquifers differ from unconfined aquifers in two fundamental and important ways.

www.ngwa.org/.../unconfined-or-water-table-aquifers

An aquifer in an unconfined state has entirely different storage properties than an aquifer in the confined or artesian state.. For a groundwater reservoir to be classified as unconfined, it must be shown that it is not confined by impermeable material (relatively speaking) and, furthermore, its water table cannot be confined from the effects of atmospheric pressure.

www.britannica.com/science/unconfined-aquifer

THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. Britannica does not currently have an article on this topic. …the water table in an unconfined aquifer system has no overlying impervious rock layer to separate it from the atmosphere ...

www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXQt8T1l55I

This video describes the difference between the water table and the potentiometric surface in unconfined and confined aquifers. See part 1 here: