A condyloid joint (also called condylar, ellipsoidal, or bicondylar) is an ovoid articular surface, or condyle that is received into an elliptical cavity. This permits movement in two planes, allowing flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction. Examples.
condylar joint (condyloid joint) one in which an ovoid head of one bone moves in an elliptical cavity of another, permitting all movements except axial rotation; this type is found at the wrist, connecting the radius and carpal bones, and at the base of the index finger. See illustration.
Another place in the body where the condyloid joint is found is in the metacarpophalangeal joints of the hand, between the metacarpal bones in the palm and the phalangeal bones of the fingers.In this case, the articulating surfaces in the joint include the condyle of the metatarsal and the cavity of the phalange.
Each temporomandibular joint is classed as a "ginglymoarthrodial" joint since it is both a ginglymus (hinging joint) and an arthrodial (sliding) joint. The condyle of the mandible articulates with the temporal bone in the mandibular fossa. The mandibular fossa is a concave depression in the squamous portion of the temporal bone.
Condyloid joints are a type of synovial joint where the articular surface of one bone has an ovoid convexity sitting within an ellipsoidal cavity of the other bone.. Movements. Condyloid joints allow movement with two degrees of freedom much like saddle joints.They allow flexion/extension, abduction/adduction and therefore also allow circumduction.
Joint - Bicondylar joint: The condylar joint is better called bicondylar, for in it two distinct surfaces on one bone articulate with corresponding distinct surfaces on another bone. The two male surfaces are on one and the same bone and are of the same type (ovoid or sellar). These joints have two types of movement: one is always a swing, and the other is either another swing or a spin.
A condyloid joint is the junction of two bones which allows movement and rotation in every direction except axial. It is also called an ellipsoid joint because the end of one bone is shaped like an ovoid head that fits into the other, which is shaped like an elliptical cavity.
Condylar definition, the smooth surface area at the end of a bone, forming part of a joint. See more.
Define condylar joint. condylar joint synonyms, condylar joint pronunciation, condylar joint translation, English dictionary definition of condylar joint. joint top to bottom: end-lap, doweled, and spline joints n. 1. a. A place or part at which two or more things are joined. b. A way in which two or more...
Joints and Skeletal Movement. Classification of Joints on the Basis of Structure and Function. Joints, responsible for movement and stability of the skeleton, can be classified based on structure or function. ... arthritis: A joint disorder that involves inflammation in one or more joints.