Concept of Decentralization Decentralization can be viewed as an extension of delegation. It is the systematic delegation of managerial authority to middle and lower level management according to their weight age of responsibility. In practical, it is not possible to delegate absolute authority to the lower level management.
Decentralization or decentralisation (see spelling differences) is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group.
On the other hand, Decentralization is a systematic delegation of authority at all levels of management and in all of the organization. In a decentralization concern, authority in retained by the top management for taking major decisions and framing policies concerning the whole concern.
For Robbins (2000), decentralization is an administrative and organizational phenomenon that refers to the extent of decision-making focus within the institution. The Robbins concept of decentralization can also be applied to the administrative style of governance when decision-making comes from the central government.
Decentralization—the transfer of authority and responsibility for public functions from the central government to subordinate or quasi-independent government organizations and/or the private sector—is a complex multifaceted concept.
Decentralisation means diffusion of authority. The dispersal of authority of decision-making to the lower level management is termed as decentralisation. Decentralisation of authority is a fundamental phase of delegation and the extent to which authority is not delegated is called centralisation.
Decentralization refers to a specific form of organizational structure where the top management delegates decision-making responsibilities and daily operations to middle and lower subordinates. The top management can thus concentrate on taking major decisions with greater time abundance.
CONCEPT PAPER Decentralisation processes at a crossroads: State of affairs and perspectives Introduction Decentralisation, as a formula for territorial organisation, has not been subjected to much scrutiny during its first period of growth.
Definition of Decentralization The assignment of authorities and responsibilities by the top level management to the middle or low-level management is known as Decentralization.
The term centralization means concentration of authority at the top of the administrative system. On the one hand, and, on the other hand, decentralization means dispersal of authority among the lower levels of the administrative system.