The microprocessor on the smart card is there for security. The host computer and card reader actually "talk" to the microprocessor. The microprocessor enforces access to the data on the card. If the host computer read and wrote the smart card's random access memory , it would be no different than a diskette.
The CCID (Chip Card Interface Device) is a USB protocol that allows a smart card to be connected to a computer, using a standard USB interface. This allows the smart card to be used as a security token for authentication and data encryption such as Bitlocker. A typical CCID is a USB dongle and may contain a SIM.
Smart Card Overview. A smart card, typically a type of chip card, is a plastic card that contains an embedded computer chip–either a memory or microprocessor type–that stores and transacts data. This data is usually associated with either value, information, or both and is stored and processed within the card's chip.
Secure Design. As most logon programs require specific smart card driver, storage facility on the smart card itself or user process authentication, this program is the only one which does the authentication inside of the security kernel of Windows (lsass.exe) : even with signature only card, your data is safe.
Remote Desktop Services and smart card sign-in. Remote Desktop Services enable users to sign in with a smart card by entering a PIN on the RDC client computer and sending it to the RD Session Host server in a manner similar to authentication that is based on user name and password.
Certificate Requirements and Enumeration: Learn about requirements for smart card certificates based on the operating system, and about the operations that are performed by the operating system when a smart card is inserted into the computer. Smart Card and Remote Desktop Services: Learn about using smart cards for remote desktop connections.
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If you apply the smart card-only policy before you enable smart card-only authentication, a user can get locked out of their computer. To fix this issue, remove the smart card-only policy: Turn on your Mac, then immediately press and hold Command-R to start up from macOS Recovery. Release the keys when you see the Apple logo, a spinning globe ...
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I have been reading through a lot subject on getting your on getting your CAC card to work on your computer and have followed everyone's advice, however my computer still doesn't recognize my CAC card when I put it in the reader. I have downloaded the smart card manager and it says there are no smart cards detected.