Ternary acids commonly contain hydrogen, a nonmetal, and oxygen. The name of the most common form of the acid consists of the nonmetal root name with the -ic ending. The acid containing one less oxygen atom than the most common form is designated by the -ous ending. An acid containing one less oxygen atom than the -ous acid has the prefix hypo-and the -ous ending.
Acids and bases are generally chemically active in that they can react with many other substances. As a result, they are commonly found in various household applications, especially as cleaners and in the kitchen.
An acid is a substance that donates hydrogen ions. Because of this, when an acid is dissolved in water, the balance between hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions is shifted. Now there are more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions in the solution. This kin...
Weak bases do not completely dissociate, at equilibrium, in water. Study the list of the common bases placed in order from strongest to weakest. Notice not all bases have a OH-ion, You will learn 2 other definitions that describe acids and bases later this year.
(For a list of common weak acids and bases, see Table 8-2 in Oxtoby)8-2 in Oxtoby)
Strong Acids and Bases. 7 STRONG ACIDS. 8 STRONG BASES. HCl - hydrochloric acid. LiOH - lithium hydroxide. HBr - hydrobromic acid. NaOH - sodium hydroxide. HI - hydroiodic acid. KOH - potassium hydroxide. HNO 3 - nitric acid. RbOH - rubidium hydroxide. HClO 3 - chloric acid. CsOH - cesium hydroxide.
Strong and weak acids are important to know, both for chemistry class and for use in the lab. There are very few strong acids, so one of the easiest ways to tell strong and weak acids apart is to memorize the short list of strong ones. Any other acid is considered a weak acid.
To teach students the formulas for some common acids and bases.
Various common acids and bases that you should memorize! FEEL FREE TO EDIT OR ADD MORE TO THE SET! Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.
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