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Colorectal cancer begins in the colon or the rectum. This type of cancer can be called either colon cancer or rectal cancer depending on where it starts, according to the American Cancer Society. These cancers both affect the digestive system.


Change in bowel habits, blood in stool and abdominal pain are all symptoms of colorectal cancer, reports the American Cancer Society. The patient may lose weight unintentionally and feel weak and tired.


Constipation, diarrhea, blood in the stool, persistent gas, cramps or pain, and a feeling that the bowel isn't emptying completely are gastrointestinal symptoms of colorectal cancer, states Mayo Clinic. People with colorectal cancer may also suffer from unexplained weight loss and fatigue.


A colorectal screening is a test that detects abnormal growths (cancerous and non-cancerous) in a patient's rectum or colon, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Patients, age 50 and older, should participate in regular colorectal screening tests, states the American Cancer S


The five-year survival rate for colorectal cancer is between 53 percent and 89 percent, depending on the exact stage and type, according to the American Cancer Society. Stage 3 colorectal cancer is divided into three subgroups, known as A, B and C. For example, stage 3B colon cancer has a five-year


Colorectal surgery is generally performed by a colorectal surgeon, states HealthTap. These specialists have completed training on general surgery and advanced training in the treatment of colorectal disorders and diseases. They also work with gastroenterologists and other specialists to successfully


A colonoscopy is not the only way to detect colorectal cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute. Colorectal cancer screenings can be performed through high-sensitivity fecal occult blood tests, or FOBT, and sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Ocassionally, Cologuard, virtual colonoscopy, double-


During a digital colorectal examination a physician inserts a gloved finger into the patient's anus to identify any abnormalities, states Healthline. During a colonoscopy, the doctor inserts a long flexible tube with a small camera into the rectum to identify issues such as polyps or cancer, accordi


The American Cancer Society expects an estimated 1,658,370 new cancer diagnoses and 589,430 deaths from cancer in 2015, according to its website, Cancer.org. For all types of cancers, the relative five-year survival rate is 68 percent, which is up markedly from its level of 49 percent in 1975 throug


The American College of Surgeons' website is a source for locating surgeons who specialize in colorectal surgery, states the ACS website. The list designates those who are board-certified fellows, meaning their education, training and surgical competence, among other criteria, are in accordance with