Polyps are extra pieces of tissue growing from the lining of the colon, says the National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Polyps can stick out into the colon and look somewhat similar to mushrooms, or they can lie flat against the wall of the colon. Colon and rectal cancer usually begi
Precancerous polyps are treated by removing tissue samples, determining the type of polyp in the laboratory, and periodic monitoring, according to WebMD. Polyps are benign tissue growths that appear on the wall of the colon that may develop into cancer, explains the American Cancer Society.
Colon polyps are growths that develop along the inner lining of the large intestines and penetrate into the colon, according to MedicineNet. The size of the growths can vary.
The cause of colon polyps is unknown as of October 2014, according to Healthline and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. However, risks for developing colon polyps include having a family history of them, a history of ovarian or uterine cancer, having a high-fat and low-fiber diet a
Colonic polyps usually have no symptoms, explains Mayo Clinic. Patients may not know they have polyps until the doctor notices them during a bowel examination. However, some people may encounter symptoms such as rectal bleeding, change in bowel habits, pain, vomiting and nausea. Other possible sympt
Most polyps are found and removed during sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy screening, using biopsy forceps or a wire loop called a snare. If the polyp is larger than 0.75 inches, a liquid may be injected under it to help with its removal, explains Mayo Clinic.
Most polyps are benign or noncancerous, according to the American Cancer Society. However, some types of polyps can lead to colon cancer, depending on the type of polyp and certain risk factors.
Different types of colon polyps include adenomatous polyps, inflammatory polyps and hyperplastic polyps, notes WebMD. While a majority of colorectal polyps don't develop into cancer, nearly all rectal and colon cancers begin from these polyps. There's also a chance a person may inherit diseases that
Often, people with colon polyps cannot feel them at all, but they can cause pain and nausea, according to Mayo Clinic. They can also indirectly cause feelings of tiredness and shortness of breath by causing iron deficiency anemia. Other possible symptoms include bloody stools, constipation or diarrh
Colon polyps range in diameter from less than a quarter of an inch to several inches, according to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Polyps can be flat or mushroom-shaped and can occur in several places in the gastrointestinal tract.