Anion gap is the difference between the measured and unmeasured ions in plasma, explains the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. The test helps diagnose problems with the acid-base balance in the body. More »

A raised MCV, or mean corpuscular volume, means the red blood cells are larger than they should be, explains the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. Counting red blood cells and measuring their size helps diagno... More »

Infections and inflammation usually cause high white blood cell counts, according to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. The elevated count can be also be attributed to allergic responses, severe stress and ... More »

An abnormally high white blood cell count in the urine indicates inflammation of the kidneys or urinary tract, states the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. The most common cause of a high number of WBCs in the... More »

Physically, a low anion gap is a smaller-than-normal difference between positively and negatively charged ions in bodily fluids, says Lab Tests Online. High and low anion gaps are symptoms of blood pH problems; the balan... More »

The results of the bilirubin test help determine if the liver is working properly, explains the American Association for Clinical Chemistry. Low bilirubin levels are not usually a cause for concern, but an elevated bilir... More »

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A high creatine kinase reading on a blood test generally means there has been some recent muscle damage, explains the American Association of Clinical Chemistry Lab Tests Online. The high creatine kinase reading does not... More »