* SUS329J1 denotes austenitic and ferritic stainless steel. Note: (1) May contain at most 0.6% Ni. (2) May have at most 0.6% Mo added. (3) May have at most 0.75% Mo added. Remarks: 1) Ferritic SUS447J1 and SUSXM27 may contain at most 0.60% Ni.
Stainless steel is used for buildings for both practical and aesthetic reasons. Stainless steel was in vogue during the art deco period. The most famous example of this is the upper portion of the Chrysler Building (pictured). Some diners and fast-food restaurants use large ornamental panels and stainless fixtures and furniture.
Nickel, molybdenum, niobium, and chromium enhance the corrosion resistance of stainless steel. It is the addition of a minimum of 12% chromium to the steel that makes it resist rust, or stain 'less' than other types of steel.
Type 304 is the most widely used austenitic (non-magnetic) stainless steel. It is also known as "18/8" stainless steel because of its composition, which includes 18 percent chromium and 8 percent nickel. Type 304 stainless steel has good forming and welding properties as well as strong corrosion resistance and strength.
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304 is the standard "18/8" stainless steel, as well as being the most widely used and versatile of all the stainless grades. It also has excellent forming and welding properties. Some applications include food processing equipment, kitchen benches, fasteners, springs, heat exchangers etc.
The 316 family is a group of austenitic stainless steels with superior corrosion resistance to 304 stainless steels. They also have excellent toughness and can be used in the food, marine, chemical and architectural fields. Other applications include fasteners and screens for the mining industry.
Passivation, in physical chemistry and engineering, refers to a material becoming "passive," that is, less affected or corroded by the environment of future use. Passivation involves creation of an outer layer of shield material that is applied as a microcoating, created by chemical reaction with the base material, or allowed to build from spontaneous oxidation in the air.
Marine grade stainless steel, called type 316, is resistant to certain types of interactions. There is a variety of different types of 316 stainless steels, including 316 L, F, N, H, and several others. Each is slightly different, and each is used for different purposes. The "L" designation means 316L steel has less carbon than 316 steel.
The selection of the appropriate stainless steel grade for each applic ation is the result of variou s considerations. In order to assis t the reader in this selection, Euro Inox makes the following tables of technical properties available: • Chemical composition of stainless steels (flat products)