Some of the atomic chemical properties of the element zinc include a nonbonded atomic radius of 2.01 and covalent radius of 1.20; an unstable electron affinity and electronegativity of 1.65 based on the Pauling scale; an... More »

A chemical property is a characteristic associated with a substance or reaction that is observable as it chemically changes or transforms into another substance. This chemical change produces a product that has a differe... More » Science Chemistry Atoms & Molecules

Examples of chemical properties include toxicity, flammability and chemical stability. Measuring these properties involves observing their effects on laboratory animals, testing with a flame or observing changes over tim... More »

An electron dot diagram is a method of writing the chemical symbol of an element by surrounding it with dots to indicate the number of valence electrons. Valence electrons are found in an atom's outer shell and are the o... More »

Calculating the ionization energy of atoms is a simple process that requires basic knowledge of the electron configuration arrived at through Koopman's theory. Ionization energy is the energy an electron takes to detach ... More »

To determine first ionization energy, one must know the element being used. First ionization energy shows periodically through the table of elements in a repetitive pattern. First ionization energy is the amount of energ... More »

The element that has the largest atomic radius is cesium. It has an atomic radius of 298 pm, or picometers. An alkali metal, cesium is so active that it instantly explodes if dropped into cold water. It's also one of the... More »