Cotton goes from fiber balls on a plant to fabric through a multi-step mechanical process. Cotton fibers, known as lint, are separated from the seeds then organized in lengths that are eventually spun into yarn.
Cotton is a durable fabric that does not require delicate handling to keep it looking its best. It can handle high temperatures and rough use, which is why it's a popular fabric for children's wear and sports clothing.
To turn cotton into fabric, grow and harvest cotton plants, separate the lint and seed, make the yarn and weave the yarn into fabric. This process requires cottonseed, a cotton harvester, a cotton gin, a carding machine, a spinning machine and a weaving machine.
To make waxed cotton fabric, melt beeswax onto flat pieces of cotton fabric. Working with small pieces of fabric and melting the wax in the oven makes this project much easier.
Clothing companies mix cotton and spandex fabrics to get the softness of cotton and the flexibility and durability of spandex. Cotton is a natural fiber; spandex is a man-made fiber. Together, they create a hybrid that is comfortable and easy to clean. However, as the s...
Cotton is made from the fibers within the boll, the seed pod, of the cotton plant. When ripe, the boll pops open revealing the fluffy, white puffs. These are stripped from the plants by harvesting machines and delivered for processing.
Pique cotton is a type of fabric that has been basket-weaved in a certain way as to display a fine ribbing texture. Also known as marcella fabric, pique cotton fabrics are produced in a variety of patterns including quilted, waffle, honeycomb and cord.