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Table 1 lists characteristics of the major breeds of cattle in Texas — those most numerous or most familiar in the state — by estimates of purebred breed-wide averages. Appendix A lists other breeds with registry associations. Using genetic classification and levels of functional traits, breeds can be grouped into these functional types:


Cattle breeds fall into two main types, which are regarded as either two closely related species, or two subspecies of one species. Bos indicus (or Bos taurus indicus) cattle, commonly called zebu, are adapted to hot climates and originated in the tropical parts of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa, India, China, and Southeast Asia.


Head characteristics: All Hereford cattle breed has a white face. Pigmentation also noticed around the eyes, and some may also be seen to have a roan-like or speckled face as well, which is often the physical evidence of breeders selecting for extra maternal characteristics in the breed cattle.


Dairy breeds of cattle have been selectively bred for over 6,000 years to produce milk-favoring traits. As a result, today’s dairy females produce more milk than one calf can consume: at least six gallons per day while calves drink no more than two gallons of milk at the most—which is right before they switch to a grain diet.


Cattle have strong necks and prominent dewlaps. Other physical characteristics vary between breed, such as the position of the ears or length of their legs. Weight. Weight and height vary greatly between domestic cattle breeds. Some weigh more than 3,000 pounds. Females of the Canadienne dairy breed reach 1,000 to 1,100 pounds.


Red Poll Cattle Breed. Red Poll cattle breed is a dual purpose breed believed to have been developed in England in the late 19th century. The breed is one of the last originally British to produce an excellent cross due to its hybrid vigor. It is a cross between the red Norfolk red beef cattle and the Suffolk Dan dairy breeds. Characteristics ...


Cattle Breeds Angus, SimAngus™, Brangus, and Charolais breeds. SimAngus TM refers to cattle with the following characteristics: the animal is at least ¼ Simmental and ¼ Angus or Red Angus and no more than ¾ Simmental or no more than ¾ Angus or Red Angus; the ...


Remains of domesticated cattle dating to 6,500 B.C. have been found in Turkey and other sites in the Near East approach this age also. Some authorities date the domestication of cattle as early as 10,000 years ago, and others almost half that amount of time.


E-187, Texas Adapted Genetic Strategies for Beef Cattle—II: Genetic-Environmental Interaction. Breeds and functional types Table 1 lists the characteristics of the major breeds of cattle in Texas—those most numerous or most familiar in the state—by estimates of purebred breed-wide averages. Cattle of multi-


Afrikaner Cattle Characteristics. The Afrikaner cattle breed is a medium to large animal usually with deep red color. It is well muscled with long legs and shallow body. It has the small cervices-thoracic hump, which is typically of Sanga cattle type. Both bulls and cows have horns. Their horns are long and lateral which turn upwards.