The satellite data were from the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) instruments on NASA’s Aqua and Terra spacecraft. Their work reveals in new detail how Earth cools itself back down after a period of natural warming.
Early CERES Terra results give new insights into the effects of clouds on climate and how the climate system changes from decade to decade. Two CERES instruments on each of the Terra and Aqua spacecraft will provide global coverage of energy radiated and reflected from the Earth.
The Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) experiment is one of the highest priority scientific satellite instruments developed for NASA's Earth Observing System. CERES products include both solar-reflected and Earth-emitted radiation from the top of the atmosphere to the Earth's surface.
Called an asteroid for many years, Ceres is so much bigger and so different from its rocky neighbors that scientists classified it as a dwarf planet in 2006. Even though Ceres comprises 25 percent of the asteroid belt's total mass, tiny Pluto is still 14 times more massive. Ceres is named for the Roman goddess of corn and harvests.
The map of net flux shows monthly changes in the balance of incoming and outgoing energy on Earth as measured by the Clouds and the Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES) sensor on NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites. Places where the amounts of incoming and outgoing energy were in balance are white ...
Earth's climate, including its average surface temperature, depends on the balance between incoming and outgoing energy. Energy comes in to the system when sunlight penetrates the top of the atmosphere. Energy goes out in two ways: reflection by clouds, aerosols, or the Earth's surface; and thermal ...
The CERES global observations provide new data for improving seasonal-to-interannual climate forecasts, including the cloud and radiative aspects of periodic large-scale climate events such as El Niño. CERES data can be used for evaluating the radiative effects and climatic impact of natural disasters, such as volcanic eruptions and major ...
Ceres (/ ˈ s ɪər iː z /; minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the largest object in the asteroid belt that lies between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, slightly closer to Mars's orbit. With a diameter of 945 km (587 mi), Ceres is the largest of the minor planets and the only dwarf planet inside Neptune's orbit.
NASA CERES Data Product Information and Available on the CERES Browse and Subset Ordering Tool. ... Climate Data Record (CDR) of monthly TOA fluxes and consistent computed surface fluxes and clouds suitable for analysis of variability at the intra-seasonal, inter-annual, and longer time scales. ...
In general, the surface temperatures decreases with increasing distance from the sun. Venus is an exception because its dense atmosphere acts as a greenhouse and heats the surface to above the melting point of lead, about 880 degrees Fahrenheit (471 degrees Celsius). Mercury rotates slowly and has a ...