https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9560099

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998 Apr;118(4):481-5. Cause of hoarseness in elderly patients. Lundy DS(1), Silva C, Casiano RR, Lu FL, Xue JW.

https://www.parentgiving.com/elder-care/understanding-voice-disorders-in-seniors/

This voice disorder is the most common cause of hoarseness and occurs when irritation or infection causes the vocal cords to swell. The most common type of ...

https://www.medicinenet.com/hoarseness/article.htm

What causes hoarseness? Hoarseness is a harsh, raspy, or strained voice caused by a variety of conditions including: GERD, allergies, smoking thyroid disease ...

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1292.html

May 15, 2010 ... It is most common in teachers and older adults, although it can affect anyone. Hoarseness (dysphonia) is often caused by a benign condition; ...

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1201/p720.html

Dec 1, 2017 ... Hoarseness has a number of causes, ranging from simple ... is a professor in the Department of Family and Geriatric Medicine at the University ...

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17105-hoarseness-frequently-asked-questions

Learn about hoarseness (hoarse voice) from the Cleveland Clinic, including information on causes, prevention, treatment & more.

https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/laryngeal-cancer/symptoms

One of the most common causes is acute laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx). ... Smoking can also cause hoarseness because it irritates the throat lining ...

https://www.verywellhealth.com/hoarseness-causes-and-treatment-2248928

Mar 20, 2019 ... Learn about the possible causes of hoarseness, what tests are done to evaluate this symptom, and what can be done to treat a hoarse voice.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0194599898702050

Hoarseness is a common symptom in older individuals and may reflect a wide variety of pathologic, medical, physiologic, and/or functional causes. Although ...

http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/019459989811800409

findings in the elderly, information regarding the differ- ... purpose of this investigation was to review the cause of hoarseness in all patients older than 65 years ...