The causes of aortic tear include high blood pressure and other conditions that weaken the aortic wall, including inherited conditions such as Marfan syndrome and injuries to the chest, according to Healthline. Other cau... More » Health Conditions & Diseases Cardiac Health

The calcification of the aortic valves is usually treated by a cardiologist. Aortic vascular calcification has a wide range of etiological treatments depending on the severity of the condition, according to MedicineNet. ... More » Health Conditions & Diseases Cardiac Health

When there is a tear in the aorta, before or during surgery, blood flowing through the aorta causes the inner and middle layers of the vessel to separate, explains Mayo Clinic. If the tear ultimately ruptures the outside... More » Health Conditions & Diseases Cardiac Health

Possible causes of an enlarged heart include conditions that cause the heart to pump harder than normal, such as disease of the heart valve or muscle, and high blood pressure, according to Mayo Clinic. In some cases, the... More »

Though there are a number of conditions, both congenital and acquired, which cause left atrial enlargement (LAE), a study by the American College of Cardiology found that the two most statistically significant causes are... More »

Mayo Clinic states that atrial fibrillation can be caused by high blood pressure, myocardial infarctions, abnormal heart valves, congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease or other conditions that affect the heart... More » Health Conditions & Diseases Cardiac Health

The long-term effects of high blood pressure on the body are dangerous, as they include the possibility of heart failure, stroke and kidney failure, according to Healthline. Sexual dysfunction and osteoporosis are also p... More »