Shortening can be used instead of butter, but it may change the texture and flavor of food or baked products. Shortening produces higher, lighter-textured baked goods, while butter produces flatter, crispier products. Th... More »

Butter or margarine are the most common products which can be used as a substitute for shortening in recipes in approximately equal amounts. Other products which can be used include vegetable oil and olive oil, but only ... More »

Generally, olive oil can be used in recipes that call for melted solid shortening. It cannot always replace solid or semi-solid shortening in recipes. Olive oil is itself a liquid form of shortening, a word coined to des... More »

The functions of polysaccharides depend primarily on their form: polysaccharides that take the shape of homopolysaccharides create glucose, which is used to treat shock, while polysaccharides in the form of pectin are ad... More »

Salt enhances the flavor and richness of food, so adding more herbs and seasonings than usual is a good way to substitute for salt. Other possibilities include products designed to serve as salt substitutes, such as the ... More » Food Cooking Substitutions

Organoleptic testing refers to subjective evaluations of the odor, flavor and texture of food and medicine, according to Frost & Sullivan Market Insight. Applications of organoleptic testing include detecting food borne ... More »

Ranch-flavored chips can be used as a substitute for broken taco shells to add a crunchy texture to soup. Other flavors of chips that may complement the dish are taco, lime, salsa, chipotle, jalapeño or nacho cheese. More » Food Cooking Substitutions