Cotton comes from cotton plants, and linen comes from flax plants. Both are popular materials found in clothing and domestic textiles, although the considerable differences between them make each fiber better suited for specific applications. These differences become apparent once the fibers are wov
Cotton goes from fiber balls on a plant to fabric through a multi-step mechanical process. Cotton fibers, known as lint, are separated from the seeds then organized in lengths that are eventually spun into yarn.
To turn cotton into fabric, grow and harvest cotton plants, separate the lint and seed, make the yarn and weave the yarn into fabric. This process requires cottonseed, a cotton harvester, a cotton gin, a carding machine, a spinning machine and a weaving machine.
Cotton is a durable fabric that does not require delicate handling to keep it looking its best. It can handle high temperatures and rough use, which is why it's a popular fabric for children's wear and sports clothing.
Linen is a fabric that is made from the cellulose fibers of the Linum usitatissimum flax plant. The process of making linen is quite labor intensive, but it results in a fabric that is very lightweight, strong and absorbent and conducts heat well.
Linen comes from the stems of the flax plant. Humans have used flax to make linen for over 10,000 years. The plant is native to lands from the Mediterranean to India but is also grown in the temperate places of the world, including Europe, Canada, the United States and China.
Machine washing linen fabrics is perfectly safe and is the preferred method for cleaning clothing and linens such as shirts, handkerchiefs, bed linens, and table linens. Repeated machine washing of linens will cause the material to become more luminous and softer.
To make waxed cotton fabric, melt beeswax onto flat pieces of cotton fabric. Working with small pieces of fabric and melting the wax in the oven makes this project much easier.
Linen can be dry-cleaned or hand-washed in cold water with mild detergent. First, it is important to understand the instructions on the label of linen clothing. Pure linen can be washed in the washing machine, but other material used for trimming, stitching or lining may require dry cleaning. Ignori
Cotton is made from the fibers within the boll, the seed pod, of the cotton plant. When ripe, the boll pops open revealing the fluffy, white puffs. These are stripped from the plants by harvesting machines and delivered for processing.