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Earthworms consume decaying vegetation and small particles of organic matter from the soil. Their primary diet is made up of leaf litter and other cast-off pieces of plants. Although they are important decomposers, they generally do not eat rotten meat or dairy.


Earthworms are native to Europe and have spread in range to western and central Asia, as well as North America. They typically can be found in two ecophysical areas: above or below the soil. Above-soil earthworms consume decaying vegetable matter. Sub-soil earthworms create either horizontal or vert


A wide variety of animals eat earthworms, including rats, birds, foxes, moles, shrews, snakes, frogs, snails, salamanders, skunks and toads. Some insect species such as ants and beetles also feed on earthworms.


Earthworms have bristles called setae on each segment of their body, that move in and out to grip the ground and push them along. The bristles work as anchors when the worm moves through underground tunnels or on the surface of the soil, and muscles in the worm’s body push it forward or backward.


Earthworms do not have eyes, but they are equipped with cells that can sense changes in the intensity of light as well as cells that can respond to and measure touch. Earthworms are very primitive organisms who do not need to depend on sight to feed as they spend their lives simply moving through th


The earthworm does not have a heart. The organ in an earthworm that acts as a heart is called the aortic arch. An earthworm has five aortic arches.


Earthworms eat organic matter like plant material, microorganisms and dead animals that are found in soil, but they don’t actually eat the soil. However, their droppings, called castings, become a part of the soil, which benefits living plants, according to HowStuffWorks.


Earthworms have brains. These brains are connected to the nerves in the skin and the muscles, allowing them to feel, move and function properly.


Earthworms breathe air through their skin, which diffuses oxygen from the surrounding environment. Moisture is vital for the earthworm, as it allows oxygen to be retained while carbon dioxide is expelled. The mucus secreted by the earthworm's skin assists in preventing desiccation, a state of extrem


The adaptations the earthworm has made to its underground life include lacking eyes and ears that can be clogged with soil. It also has a long, tube-like, segmented body which helps it push through the soil.