Dreams are controlled by a part of the brain called the cerebral cortex. During REM sleep, signals sent from another part of the brain, the pons, are relayed through the thalamus to the cerebral cortex, and it is the cer... More »

According to Bryn Mawr College, the pons is largely responsible for dreaming because of its role in regulating REM sleep, which is vital for dreaming. Damage to the pons can result in loss of dreaming sleep. More »

A 2013 study in the journal Brain suggests that dreams are generated by the brainstem, which also regulates sleep. There is very little definitive science on how dreams occur in the brain. More »

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The cerebral cortex of the brain is responsible for higher thought processes, and the left hemisphere is the rational half associated with logical and analytical thinking. It consists of gray matter arranged in folds tha... More »

The primary gustatory cortex is a brain structure whose function is taste perception. The neurons in the gustatory cortex respond to the four tastes of sweet, sour, bitter and salty, and then this cortex determines the i... More »

The cerebral hemispheres, or right and left side of the brain, are connected by a thick set of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum. These nerve fibers transfer messages back and forth between the two sides of the bra... More »

According to Dartmouth, the cerebral cortex is the outer layer of the brain and is responsible for numerous functions including sensation, language, creativity, motor processes, memory, abstraction, emotion, attention an... More »