A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter (also called the fifth state of matter) which is typically formed when a gas of bosons at low densities is cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero (-273.15 °C). Under such conditions, a large fraction of bosons occupy the lowest quantum state, at which point microscopic quantum phenomena, particularly wavefunction interference ...
However, when we talk about Bose-Einstein Condensate, we are not talking about standard terms of physical conditions. Bose-Einstein Condensates are generally made in temperatures that are millions of times colder than space itself. Thus, to get a better understanding of the Bose-Einstein Condensate, we must go into the quantum physics of an atom.
Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), a state of matter in which separate atoms or subatomic particles, cooled to near absolute zero (0 K, − 273.15 °C, or − 459.67 °F; K = kelvin), coalesce into a single quantum mechanical entity—that is, one that can be described by a wave function—on a near-macroscopic scale. This form of matter was predicted in 1924 by Albert Einstein on the basis of ...
Bose–Einstein Condensates (BEC) sometimes referred to as the fifth state of matter - are related to two remarkable low-temperature phenomena: superfluidity, in which each of the helium isotopes 3He and 4He forms a liquid that flows with zero frict...
Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is what happens to a dilute gas when it is made very cold, near absolute zero.It forms when the particles that make it up have very low energy.Only bosons can make a Bose–Einstein condensate, when they are close to 0 K (or −273° C, or −459.67 °F).The gas has extremely low density, about one-hundred-thousandth the density of normal air.
Bose-Einstein condensate is a rare state (or phase) of matter in which a large percentage of bosons collapse into their lowest quantum state, allowing quantum effects to be observed on a macroscopic scale. The bosons collapse into this state in circumstances of extremely low temperature, near the value of absolute zero.
Bose-Einstein condensate definition is - a state of matter that occurs when a set of atoms is cooled almost to absolute zero in which a statistical description of the positions of the atoms implies that they physically overlap each other and in effect form a single atom. How to use Bose-Einstein condensate in a sentence.
Of the five states matter can be in, the Bose-Einstein condensate is perhaps the most mysterious. Gases, liquids, solids and plasmas were all well studied for decades, if not centuries; Bose ...
In atomic condensates this can be confirmed by measuring the velocity distribution of the atoms in the gas. The above figure shows the result of such a measurement. In the left plot, no Bose Einstein Condensation took place. One can see that the energy distribution of the atoms is given by the Bose Einstein statistics.
The Bose-Einstein state of matter was the only one created while your parents were alive. In 1995, two scientists, Cornell and Weiman, finally created the condensate. When you hear the word condensate , think about condensation and the way gas molecules come together and condense and to a liquid.