A bill of attainder (also known as an act of attainder or writ of attainder or bill of pains and penalties) is an act of a legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime and punishing them, often without a trial. As with attainder resulting from the normal judicial process, the effect of such a bill is to nullify the targeted person's civil rights, most notably the ...
AP Gov Ch 15 Terms. STUDY. PLAY. bill of attainder. A government decree that a person is guilty of a crime that carries the death penalty, rendered without the benefit of a trial. Bill of Rights. The first 10 amendments to the US constitution, concerned with the basic protection of civil liberties. ...
A bill of attainder – sometimes called an act or writ of attainder or an ex-post facto law – is an act of a government’s legislature that declares a person or group of persons guilty of a crime and prescribing their punishment without the benefit of a trial or judicial hearing.
Officials have used bills of attainder to strip individuals of everything from their property to their lives. For example, bills of attainder caused the famous executions of several people by the English king, Henry VIII. To explore this concept, consider the following Bill of Attainder definition.
Those guilty of treason were often executed shortly after the bill of attainder came into play, and their property then became the government's, since the guilty party did not have the privilege of a will. The use of the bill of attainder began in the year 1321 and it was last used in 1798, according to the History Learning Site.
bill of attainder n. pl. bills of attainder A legislative act that pronounces a person guilty of a crime and imposes an attainder. The US Constitution prohibits bills of attainder. bill of attainder n (Law) (formerly) a legislative act finding a person guilty without trial of treason or felony and declaring him attainted. See also attainder1 bill′ of ...
Bill of attainder definition, an act of legislature finding a person guilty of treason or felony without trial. See more. Bill of attainder | Define Bill of attainder at Dictionary.com
Bill of Attainder. Definition: A legislative act that singles out an individual or group for punishment without a trial. The Constitution of the United States, Article I, Section 9, paragraph 3 provides that: "No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law will be passed." "The Bill of Attainder Clause was intended not as a narrow, technical (and therefore soon to be outmoded) prohibitio...
61) The dissenting opinion illustrates how expansive the majority's interpretation of the clauses actually was, spending four and a half pages (62) describing the history of bills of attainder and how the rogue provisions (63) at issue in both cases "can in no sense be called bills of attainder.
A bill of attainder is prohibited by Article I, Section 9, Clause 3 of the Constitution because it deprives the person or persons singled out for punishment of the safeguards of a trial by jury. bill of attainder. n. a legislative act which declares a named person guilty of a crime, particularly treason.