Leg edema is swelling caused by fluid buildup. Your legs may swell if you sit or stand for long periods of time, are pregnant, or are injured. Swelling may also occur if you have heart failure or circulation problems. This means that your heart does not pump blood through your body as it should. DISCHARGE INSTRUCTIONS: Self-care:
Leg edema is a common problem in older patients, with a wide range of possible causes. The diagnosis can be narrowed by categorizing the edema according to its duration (acute or chronic), distribution (unilateral or bilateral), and accompanying symptoms (such as dyspnea, pain, thickening of skin, and pigmentation).
HPI: 51 year-old male with a history of HTN, DM and chronic alcohol abuse presenting with lower extremity swelling. He notes one month of progressive, bilateral lower extremity swelling, in the past two weeks associated with increasing pain and redness and is now no longer able to ambulate due to pain.
Localized lower extremity edema. Edema that is localized to one or both legs is a common presentation. Leg edema has a number of possible causes. In one study, the most common causes of leg edema in older patients were venous stasis (62.3%), drugs (13.8%), and CHF(15%). 2. Deep venous thrombosis.
When treating excessive lower extremity drainage due to edema, complete decongestive therapy can go a long way to resolve a “weepy leg.” The management of excessive lower extremity drainage is often difficult.
cause bilateral leg edema even in the absence of pulmonary hyperten-sion. Brawny, nonpitting skin with edema characterizes lymphedema, ... Unilateral lower extremity edema. Edema.
Physical Examination. Key elements of the physical examination include . Body mass index. Obesity is associated with sleep apnea and venous insufficiency.18–20 Distribution of edema: unilateral leg edema is generally due to a local cause such as deep vein thrombosis, venous insufficiency, or lymphedema.Bilateral edema can be due to a local cause or systemic disease, such as heart failure or ...
Edema is swelling of both legs from a buildup of extra fluid. Edema has many possible causes: Prolonged standing or sitting, especially in hot weather, can cause excess fluid to accumulate in the feet, ankles and lower legs.
An obese person may be worried sick that the edema in their lower legs is from congestive heart failure, when in fact, it’s a condition called lipedema which is caused by obesity. • Obesity is a risk factor for heart failure, but this doesn’t mean that all obese people have heart failure.
Brain Edema. Binge alcohol intoxication can also cause overhydration of the brain. This is called brain edema and sometimes also referred to as cerebral edema. It is a dangerous form of edema which can cause neurological damage and quickly progress to loss of consciousness and death. Treatment for Edema