Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection of the tissues that surround the teeth, according to MouthHealthy.org. This disease starts with bacterial growth in the mouth, and if left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss, states WebMD.
Periodontal disease occurs when plaque, a mix of bacterial film and mucus, is left on teeth long enough to harden into tartar, which irritates the gums and other surrounding tissues, explains the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This tartar can build up below the gum line, which makes it
There is an array of gels, sprays, lozenges and mouthwash products available over the counter to treat periodontal disease. According to MailOnline, probiotic lozenges, enzyme capsules, peroxyl oral rinses, antibacterial sprays and gels containing hyaluronic acid are widely available without prescri
Nonsurgical options for treating periodontal disease include scaling, root planing and antibiotics, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatments for severe periodontal disease include flap surgery, grafts and tissue regeneration. Periodontitis is a gum infection that can cause deterioration of the gums and
Individuals can prevent periodontal disease by committing to good oral hygiene habits, the American Academy of Periodontology states. Doctors recommend flossing at least once a day to clear away food particles and plaque around the gumline and between teeth. Brushing the teeth and tongue after meals
As of 2015, the average cost for full mouth periodontal treatment, which can include pocket depth reduction surgery, is $4000-$6000, but can cost up to $10,000 if gum damage is severe, according to CostHelper. Treatment and surgery for periodontitis is sometimes necessary for people who suffer from
DentalGentleCare.com, the website for Family Gentle Dental Care in Gering, Nebraska, features several photos of periodontal disease. They display the disease's effects in stages, starting with a picture of healthy gums and showing advancement to one exhibiting severe periodontal disease.
Periodontal scaling is a standard treatment for gum disease, according to WebMD. The procedure is done in a dentist's office and involves the dentist or a dental hygienist manually removing tartar from the teeth underneath the gum line with a scraper or an ultrasonic tool. Sometimes a local anesthet
Also known as gum disease or periodontitis, periodontal disease involves two stages namely gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis usually comes before periodontitis. However, it is important to note that not all cases of gingivitis will develop into periodontitis, as stated by WebMD.
Symptoms of periodontal gum disease include gums that feel tender to the touch, loose teeth, bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth, according to Mayo Clinic. Some people with periodontal gum disease may have purple or bright red gums that may become swollen.