Edema, the medical term for swelling, is the body's natural response to injury and has many causes, according to WebMD. Common causes for mild edema include sitting too long, pregnancy and drug side effects, states the Mayo Clinic. Causes for severe edema include heart failure and kidney disease.
Treatments for edema include elevating the affected limb, exercise, massage, compression and medication, according to Mayo Clinic. Limiting salt intake also helps to reduce the swelling.
Edema in the lower extremities is a condition in which fluid fills the spaces between cells and induces swelling, inflammation and sometimes pain that ranges from mild to severe. According to Mayo Clinic, the condition can be caused by many different underlying disorders that range from minor to ser
Swelling in one leg without a history of trauma can be attributed to deep vein thrombosis or lymphedema, according to the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. Deep vein thromboses require immediate medical intervention, and lymphedema can become a serious medical condition if not approp
Edema of the legs and feet requires emergency care if it is accompanied by shortness of breath or chest pain, according to MedlinePlus. Patients who have experienced heart disease, kidney disease or liver disease should contact their doctors immediately if their lower extremities suffer swelling tha
Pregnancy, overconsumption of salty food, premenstrual symptoms, and sitting or standing in one position for too long cause mild cases of edema, states Mayo Clinic. Edema can also be caused by estrogens, certain diabetes medications, high blood pressure medications, steroid drugs and nonsteroidal an
Causes of facial edema, or facial swelling, include injury or inflammation from allergic reactions, sinusitis, or a tooth abscess, according to MedlinePlus. Swelling during the recovery period of head, nose or jaw surgery is likely as well.
Peripheral edema is a type of swelling in which excess fluids fall to the lowest part of the body, usually the legs and feet, according to eMedicineHealth. Since peripheral edema is gravity dependent, it may produce swelling in the sacrum if the patient is lying on his back.
Pulmonary edema is health condition that results from excess fluids in the lungs, as stated by Mayo Clinic. The fluids accumulated in the air sacs cause breathing difficulties.
A soft tissue edema is a condition in which the soft tissues in the body swell due to inflammation or injury, explains WebMD. Edema occurs when small blood vessels leak fluid into soft tissues, causing the fluid to accumulate and result in swelling of the body.