In psychology, heuristics are thinking strategies that guide decisions and judgments that are made quickly. These quick judgments are fueled by learned and readily available information. For example, if a person observes... More »

The availability heuristic refers to the tendency of the human mind to assume that events that spring easily to mind happen with equal frequency in the real world. Heuristics are cognitive shortcuts used by the brain to ... More »

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An example of an anchoring and adjustment heuristic is when a person with high-value numbers bids higher on items with unknown value after being asked to write their numbers compared to people who had low-value numbers t... More »

Some problem-solving techniques include algorithms, heuristics, trial-and-error and insight. An algorithm is a step-by-step approach that always yields the correct solution but can be very time-consuming. Heuristics rely... More »

People with different cultural backgrounds have different expectations, norms and values, which in turn have the potential to influence their judgments and decisions, as well as their subsequent behavior, according to th... More »

Neutral stimulus is part of the model of classical conditioning in the field of behavioral psychology that states a stimulus elicits a response, with neutral stimulus so named as it does not provide the desired response ... More »

Some of the major schools of thought in the field of psychology are structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism and cognitivism. The history of modern psychology can be said to have begun around 1879, when one of the first... More »