Thumb arthritis, or basal joint arthritis, is the most common type of osteoarthritis that affects the hand, according to Mayo Clinic. It results from the wear and tear of the cushioning cartilage on the connected edges of the bones forming the thumb joint, also called the carpometacarpal joint.
Arthritis in the thumb typically develops as a result of an injury or trauma to the joint, according to the Mayo Clinic. People with osteoarthritis in larger joints may also develop arthritis within the thumb.
Inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, causes a burning or throbbing sensation and joint pain that affects both sides of the body, reports Everyday Health. In comparison, osteoarthritis involves pain that reaches deeper into the affected joints, improves with rest or aggravates throug
Nonsurgical treatment for basal joint arthritis, also known as thumb arthritis, may include wearing a splint to limit thumb movement until the joint heals, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Surgical treatment options include joint fusion, joint replacement, osteotomy or trap
Hand exercises, medication, splints and surgery can combat thumb arthritis, notes Healthline. Ice and steroid injections can also be used to treat thumb arthritis. Individuals should consult a reputable doctor before starting treatment or taking medication.
Symptoms of thumb arthritis include pain or loss of strength when gripping or pinching, swelling and tenderness at the base of the thumb, and an aching discomfort after prolonged use, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Other signs are an enlarged appearance and limited motion
Osteoarthritis can occur in the hip joint, but the exact causes are uncertain, according to WebMD. Symptoms of hip osteoarthritis include joint stiffness when changing positions, hip pain, swelling, tenderness and a crunching sound as the bones rub against each other.
There are several factors that can cause thumb joint pain or basal joint arthritis, such as joint ligament laxity, fracture and injury, according to University of Washington Medicine. This type of arthritis is more common in women over 40 years old, reports UConn Health.
Severe arthritis in the thumb may call for surgery, and most surgical procedures on the base of the thumb are successful, the Mayo Clinic states. Though recovery time is slow after thumb surgery, most people regain the use of their thumbs.
The joint at the base of the thumb is a saddle joint, according to InnerBody. Saddle joints are a subclass of synovial joints in which one bone is curved like a saddle and another bone rests inside the curve like a rider.