Arthritis in the thumb typically develops as a result of an injury or trauma to the joint, according to the Mayo Clinic. People with osteoarthritis in larger joints may also develop arthritis within the thumb.
Thumb arthritis, or basal joint arthritis, is the most common type of osteoarthritis that affects the hand, according to Mayo Clinic. It results from the wear and tear of the cushioning cartilage on the connected edges of the bones forming the thumb joint, also called the carpometacarpal joint.
Hand exercises, medication, splints and surgery can combat thumb arthritis, notes Healthline. Ice and steroid injections can also be used to treat thumb arthritis. Individuals should consult a reputable doctor before starting treatment or taking medication.
Severe arthritis in the thumb may call for surgery, and most surgical procedures on the base of the thumb are successful, the Mayo Clinic states. Though recovery time is slow after thumb surgery, most people regain the use of their thumbs.
The signs and symptoms of arthritis include pain, swelling, stiffness, redness and constrained motion, states Mayo Clinic. These signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of arthritis, but most of them affect the joints.
Protective measures such as losing weight, using exercise to avoid stiffness and taking over-the-counter pain relievers comprise the first line of defense against arthritis, notes WebMD. Acupuncture and supplementation with chondroitin and glucosamine are popular alternative treatments.
Painful, swollen joints that are stiff, red, warm and difficult to move are an early symptom of arthritis, according to the Arthritis Foundation. Some forms of arthritis have pain that is not linked to the joints, with symptoms that include fatigue, fever, weight loss and swollen glands, states WebM
Arthritis of the back consists of numerous symptoms including spinal deformity, back pain, loss of joint flexibility, limited range of motion and joint pain, according to Laser Spine Institute. An individual with arthritis of the back may experience one or multiple symptoms.
MedlinePlus cites normal wear and tear on bone joints, viral or bacterial infections, injuries and autoimmune diseases as common causes of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common type, and it is caused by joint wear and tear and advanced age.
Trigger thumb is a condition in which the flexor tendon cannot pass freely through the tendon sheath, causing it to get caught upon bending, or in some cases stuck in a bent position, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition that affects t