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Land within the Arctic region has seasonally varying snow and ice cover, with predominantly treeless permafrost (permanently frozen underground ice)-containing tundra. Arctic seas contain seasonal sea ice in many places. The Arctic region is a unique area among Earth's ecosystems.


Were the seafloor of the Arctic Ocean to suddenly be lifted up such that the Arctic region became land, it perhaps could be a new continent named Arctica. Until such event, there is no land mass large enough to be considered an Arctic continent.


The Antarctic is almost a geographic opposite of the Arctic, because Antarctica is a land mass surrounded by an ocean. The open ocean allows the forming sea ice to move more freely, resulting in higher drift speeds. However, Antarctic sea ice forms ridges much less often than sea ice in the Arctic.


Global warming sensation: Arctic land masses were once warm, forested and the North Pole had no ice cover. Pictures: The Siberian TImes, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Lake Elgygytgyn Drilling Project


Arctic Map. The Arctic is a region of the planet, north of the Arctic Circle, and includes the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Baffin Island, other smaller northern islands, and the far northern parts of Europe, Russia (Siberia), Alaska and Canada.


The Mysterious Discovery of a Continent That Wasn't There. Robert Peary claimed he discovered a new land mass in the Arctic. Was he lying? 8 Minute Read. By Simon Worrall.


The name Antarctica is the romanised version of the Greek compound word ἀνταρκτική (antarktiké), feminine of ἀνταρκτικός (antarktikós), meaning "opposite to the Arctic", "opposite to the north".. Aristotle wrote in his book Meteorology about an Antarctic region in c. 350 BC Marinus of Tyre reportedly used the name in his unpreserved world map from the 2nd century CE.

coolantarctica.com/Antarctica fact file/antarctica...

The Arctic has many large land animals including reindeer, musk ox, lemmings, arctic hares, arctic terns, snowy owls, squirrels, arctic fox and polar bears. As the Arctic is a part of the land masses of Europe, North America and Asia, these animals can migrate south in the winter and head back to the north again in the more productive summer ...


Dissecting Arctic land mass and placing it on the continents.


Jul 22, 2010 • Antarctica may not be the world’s largest landmass — it’s the fifth-largest continent — but resting on top of that land is the world’s largest ice sheet. That ice holds more than 60 percent of Earth’s fresh water and carries the potential to significantly raise sea level. The continent is losing ice to the sea, and scientists want to know how much.